Information Technologies

Information technology (ITs) are computers and telecommunications equipment that allow us to exchange information, store and process it. They include the software and hardware that enable us to connect with others via e-mail or instant messaging, keep track of investments through online banking or spreadsheets, enjoy hobbies like gardening or genealogy using specific word processing or graphing programs to find medical information or search for jobs or schools through the World Wide Web, and many more.

Technology allows people to access and organize huge amounts of data rapidly, resulting in greater efficiency and effectiveness for many tasks. It allows for the analysis of massive amounts of data, and allows decisions to be made more quickly.

Information technology is becoming more important in the business world. It is able to help a business control employee attendance and time, automate tasks that once required manual effort or human intervention, streamlining operations and boost productivity. It can also allow businesses to keep track of inventory or provide instant customer service.

New technologies for information often require a long learning curve for users to master. A lot of IT jobs are focused on the creation, maintenance and support of these systems. Network administrators design and support communications networks like LANs, WANs and Wi-Fi systems Information security analysts oversee security measures; computer support specialists offer technical support to users; Computer programmers design and build applications and websites.

Individuals must have an understanding of information technology in order to fully participate in society. Anyone who is aware of how information is presented on a personal website may be better able to weigh the risks and advantages of allowing public access to private information, such as credit card transactions or family photos and will have an informed view of policy issues such as child pornography and free expression on the Internet.

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